What Is Acid Reflux , Heartburn And GERD

acid reflux

Acid Reflux vs. Heartburn

Acid reflux is a condition where stomach acids during the digestive process move back into the esophagus instead of being contained in the stomach. As a result, the throat is irritated, and there is a burning sensation. In many cases, there is also acid regurgitation into the mouth, leaving a very bitter taste.


These are symptoms of what we know as Heartburn, which is something that affects millions of people in varying severity. Do note that if you are experiencing this for the first time, acid reflux and the resulting Heartburn is a digestive disorder.

There are several reasons for Heartburn, but to no small extent, it is unknown why some people are affected where others aren’t. However, what is known is that people who have experienced Heartburn, its severity, and persistence are related to foods that are known to cause Heartburn. Thus requires an acid reflux diet.

Foods To Avoid – Heartburn

When considering Heartburn and which foods to avoid, there are some general things that you are trying to accomplish – you want to stop eating foods that cause more stomach acid.

An increase in stomach acid can occur from the acid content in the food itself, but it can also happen because the food eaten requires more acid for digestion. In either case, there will be more acid in your stomach for a more extended period, and as a result, there will be more opportunity for acid reflux.

Also, some foods tend to relax the lower esophageal sphincter, which is the valve at the top of your stomach and is responsible for keeping the acids from refluxing back into your esophagus. Consequently, if you are eating foods that relax this valve, then you are causing a condition for stomach acid and Heartburn to take place.

1. Spicy Foods

To begin with, it should be no surprise that spicy foods contain more acid. Lots of people like spicy foods a lot, and lots of people have Heartburn; there is a correlation. If you do have heartburn problems, then try eliminating foods that have things like chilies and hot peppers in them – and I know for myself that if I even look at garlic, I am going to get bad reflux.

2. Fruits

What may not be as obvious is the very high acid content is certain fruits, with the citrus fruits like oranges and grapefruits being of the worst. As well, tomatoes are very acidic, which is a problem because of all the typical sauces and soups that use plants. However, if your Heartburn is a lousy problem, then these fruits are something to cut back on or avoid; this would also include these fruits in juice form.

Fruits are also very healthy for you, containing lots of minerals and vitamins. So, before categorically eliminating the group – try them individually and see what causes you the most heartburn problems. If you find you can tolerate some kinds, then keep eating them, while eliminating the others from your reflux diet.

3. Alcoholic Drinks

Alcoholic drinks increase acid content, with beer being the worst and know to double your stomach acid within an hour. Additionally, caffeinated beverages are known to increase stomach acid, and drinking decaffeinated sodas isn’t a solution, as the carbonation also is an acid reflux trigger.

4. Chocolate

Chocolate, another favorite for many people, is also another food to avoid. The reason for this is because chocolate is one of those foods that are known to relax the LES, and thus allow acid to move back into your esophagus and trigger heartburn.

5. Fatty Foods

Fatty foods are tough to digest, and thus take longer and will require more acid for digestion. Since more acid is needed, more acid is going to produce. And when more acid generates, the stomach will both have a higher acid content, as well as having the acid remain in the stomach longer – increasing the likelihood of acid reflux and Heartburn.

Foods with high-fat content and this includes both the foods and food preparation, should especially be avoided in your acid reflux diet – and that mainly consists of the fast foods that are high in fat, and are then deep-fried in fat to cook them.

Fatty foods to avoid are whole milk and cream, animal and vegetable oils, fatty meats like bacon, sausage, and cold cuts – and especially avoid fried food preparation.

Foods To Eat – Heartburn

You will want your acid reflux diet to include substitute foods for the foods you should avoid. For instance, if you are going to eat red meat, be sure that it is very lean, and better substitutes are fish or chicken. And you will want to replace whole milk with skim milk.

These substitutes are foods that won’t cause acid reflux and Heartburn; they are foods that will help get rid of it – here are some foods to include in your acid reflux diet because they help eliminate the acid content in your stomach.

1. Apple and Banana

Apples and bananas are the right foods to eat for Heartburn. It is due to their characteristic of dissolving the acid in your stomach. Pineapple and papaya are other fruits that are very beneficial because they help neutralize stomach acids.

2. Grains

Grains also help neutralize stomach acid, so eating foods like crackers and cereals and rice can be a help. Something to note though – oatmeal, which is one of my favorite comfort foods, usually will end up giving me Heartburn, and I am talking about plain oatmeal with nothing else in it.

When this occurred to me that this was happening, I was surprised, but upon looking up some more information, I found out that this is a common problem.

All diets should include lots of vegetables, but especially your acid reflux diet, since plants are perfect for controlling the content of acid in your stomach if you will focus on eating the most alkaline ones. This list of vegetables will include broccoli, carrots, and green cabbage.

3. Water

Water will help to flush acid that has gone up into your esophagus back down. It will also help dilute the acid that is in your stomach, and by doing this will make it weaker if it does reflux.

4. White Pieces of Bread

 White pieces of Bread are the right diet choice; they are soothing to the stomach and do not seem to cause excess acid in the digestive tract.

5. Bananas, Pears, Apples, and Peaches

 Bananas, Pears, Apples, and Peaches are great fruit choices, and they won’t leave your stomach crying for mercy at the end of the day.

6. Eggs 

The egg whites are a healthy choice for the acid reflux diet and are a good source of protein.

7. Fat-Free Ice Cream and Cheese okay, it’ s not as gooey and yummy as the fat-filled counterpart, but it will help you rest easy after a meal.

GERD – Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

These acid reflux diet tips should help someone with minor heartburn problems to eliminate them, and even help someone with terrible acid reflux and Heartburn to reduce the severity and make it less frequent.

But be smart about this; you could have acid reflux disease, or what is known as GERDS. If you have problems to the extent that they are occurring daily and even affecting your overall life. Left untreated, GERD can progress into many health problems, including esophageal cancer.

So start with these acid reflux diet tips, and see if they will control and get rid of your Heartburn. But if these or some of the other programs and recommendations mentioned throughout this site are not helping you, then it is time to consult with your doctor and see what other available remedies.

Acid Reflux Symptoms

Acid reflux occurs when the acid and undigested food in your stomach flow back upward — or reflux — into your esophagus. The esophagus is the muscular tube that carries food from your throat down to your stomach.

Reflux is but one of several unpleasant acid reflux symptoms. You probably do not experience these acid reflux symptoms with every meal, nor do you experience them every day. You might not even have any acid reflux symptoms for several weeks before flaring up again. Acid reflux is a lifelong condition you will need to treat throughout your lifetime.

1. Common Acid Reflux Symptoms

Heartburn is the acid reflux symptom most people recognize. This painful burning sensation occurs in your chest after you eat a big meal or if you lie down after one. Heartburn is the result of stomach acid burning its way through your esophagus.

2. Reflux and Regurgitation

Regurgitation occurs when stomach acid backs up from your stomach into your throat and your mouth. Your throat will burn painfully, and you will notice a bitter taste in your mouth. You might even find small food particles coming back up into your mouth. It is characteristic of acid reflux symptoms, regurgitation.

3. A Very General Diagnosis

Nausea is one of the less common acid reflux symptoms you might experience. Sometimes nausea is attributed as an acid reflux symptom if there is no other cause for it.

4. Long-Term Acid Reflux Symptoms

If you are a long-term acid reflux sufferer, you may experience damage to your esophagus and develop dysphagia or odynophagia. Dysphagia is when you develop difficulty in swallowing. Some dysphagia suffers from experience a sensation that food comes back in the throat. On the other hand, odynophagia is when consuming food becomes painful. In some cases, odynophagia can become so intense that patients may become afraid to eat.

5. Acid Reflux Related Respiratory Problems

Coughing, wheezing, and even pneumonia can be reflux symptoms. These symptoms can occur when undigested material or acid is aspirated or inhaled into your lungs.

6. Acid Reflux and Your Mouth

Your gums may become irritated, and you may have tooth decay as a result of stomach acid flowing back up into your mouth. You may also find it causes a bad taste in your mouth, or you may have the sensation of having too much saliva in your mouth.

7. Advanced Acid Reflux

If your acid reflux goes untreated, it can progress until this disease damages and alters your esophageal lining. This stage is known as Barrett’s Esophagus. Ten percent of acid reflux sufferers who have Barrett’s Esophagus will develop cancer. These patients need to undergo periodic tests and receive aggressive reflux treatments.

Apple Cider Vinegar Can Harm LPR 

You will, at times, discover the suggestion of using apple cider vinegar as a family remedy against the float. This thinking stems from a well-known pattern that triggers the process. In any case, not proved by logical evidence. Apple cider vinegar can also be destructive due to the silent reflux (aviation route reflux).

Apple cider vinegar exacerbates LPR side effects.

It Causes LPR Symptoms Worse

Apple cider vinegar contains acid, which indicates that it has a low pH. Foods with low pH are at risk for people with mild reflux / LPR. 

Acidic foods, especially beverages, initiate protein pepsin in the stomach, which in turn impairs the ability to damage mucous membranes. For whatever length Pepson has inside the abdomen, lowering the pH and advancing its movement further enhances the process. However, in patients with silent reflux, Pepsin also stays outside the stomach. It goes into the throat and airways with indigestion, where it attaches to the mucous membranes.

Swallowing acidic foods, for example, produces apple cider vinegar, Pepsin already refluxed. It eliminates the harmful potential of Pepsin, which further disrupts the mucous membranes in the airways. As a result, the side effects of LPR worsen. As a result, apple cider vinegar and other acidic foods are helpful for silent reflux.

Disarray About the Causticity Of Foods

Some time prior, one of my perusers kept in touch with me that it is anything but difficult to track down the pH of foods – you can look through them on the web. She additionally found the pH of lemons, which were portrayed as alkaline (have a high pH). That is the reason she imagined that lemons would be beneficial for her silent reflux.

Nothing could be further from reality, however. Lemons are incredibly acidic. They firmly enact Pepsin inside the mucous membranes, comparably to apple cider vinegar, causing harm and silent reflux side effects.

Lemons have a pH of somewhere in the range of 2 and 3 (pH fluctuates among crops). At this pH, Pepsin stretches around 70% of its maximal action, and can necessarily harm the mucous membranes of the aviation routes.

Individuals with silent reflux ought to abstain from anything with a pH of lower than 4, or below pH five may be far and away superior. His implies lemons and apple cider vinegar are very acidic.

From Where Does It Emerge?

As I composed over, my peruser found the deceptive data online that lemons are alkaline. For what reason did she locate this off-base data? There are various standards to rate the causticity of foods: The actual pH of nourishment before being processed. It is the pH of the nourishment inside the mouth, or while being swallowed.

A nourishment’s capacity to make acids or bases (corrosive or alkali-forming foods). Foods may shape acids and support during the stomach related procedure, free of their actual pH. 

Therefore, a few sources recommend that eating alkali-forming foods should assist with keeping up a sound corrosive base equalization inside the body.

For certain conditions, for example, ailment, an excess of acridity inside the body may be an issue. Since I am not a stiffness master, I am not ready to pass judgment if this is, in fact, the case. All in all, however, the body can keep the pH steady, and subsequently, following an alleged alkaline eating routine doesn’t seem to offer any profit for sound individuals.

Suggesting foods for silent reflux dependent on their alkali-forming capacity is perilous. The issue is that many diets with a low pH happen to be alkali-forming foods.

Lemon juice and apple cider vinegar are two genuine instances of this. Both are alkali-forming foods; however, they have a low pH. It implies they are acidic while drinking them; thus can reactivate beforehand refluxed Pepsin in the throat and mouth, so harming the mucous membranes.

To Explain

For silent reflux, just the pH of the undigested nourishment is significant. This figure is hard to track down, and it is essential not to muddle the data that is generally found in wellbeing guides with the actual pH before absorption. The unprocessed foods pH is likewise the logical meaning of pH that is utilized in science, science, and medication.

The most dependable approach to discover the pH is by estimating it, which you can do with litmus paper. In my online course about the treatment of silent reflux, I give a broad rundown of the pH of foods that I estimated myself.

Read More : Ways to Start the New Year With a Healthier Mindset


These acid reflux diet tips, and some of the foods that you should avoid, and that will help reduce stomach acid content, should go a long way in controlling your reflux and heartburn problems.

If you find that your Heartburn will not go away despite making reflux diet changes, that is a sign that you could have acid reflux disease. It is a much more difficult situation and one that you should consult with your doctor about because this can also lead to more severe health problems.


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